Geobotanical prospecting refers to prospecting based on indicator plants like metallophytes and the analysis of vegetation. For example, the Viscaria Mine in Sweden was named after the plant Silene suecica syn. Viscaria alpina that was used by prospecters to discover the ore deposits. A "most faithful" indicator plant is Ocimum centraliafricanum , the "copper plant" or "copper flower" formerly known as Becium homblei , found only on copper and nickel containing soils in central to southern Africa. In , Stephen E. Haggerty identified Pandanus candelabrum as a botanical indicator for kimberlite pipes, a source of mined diamonds.

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Botanical methods of prospecting involve the use of vegetation in searching for ore deposits. Although these methods have been used for several centuries, there is much confusion about terminology because there are two distinct methods of botanical prospecting. Geobotanical methods are visual and rely mainly on an interpretation of the plant cover to detect morphological changes or plant associations typical of certain types of geologic environments or of ore deposits within these environments.

Geobotanical methods were first used in Roman times when vegetation was employed in the search for subterranean water.

Later the Russian botanist Karpinsky became the first man to study thoroughly the relationship between plant communities and their geologic substrate. A number of books have appeared on the subject of Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available.

General Geology Edition. Contents Search. Geobotanical prospecting. How to cite. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Aery, N. Google Scholar. Bazilevskaya, N. Sibireva, , Change in the color of the corolla in Eschscholtzia californica under the influence of microelements in Russian , Bull.

Leningrad 6, 32— Brooks, R. New York: Wiley, p. Portland, Ore. Rotterdam: Balkema, p. Mining and Metallurgy Proc. Lee, and T. Ecology 62, — McCleave, and E. Schofield, , Cobalt and nickel uptake by the Nyssaceae, Taxon 26, — Morrison, R. Reeves, T. Dudley, and Y. Trow, and B. Reeves, R. Morrison, and F. Malaisse, , Belgium Royal Soc. Botany Bull. Buyalov, N. Shvyryaeva, , Geobotanical method in prospecting for salts of boron, Internat.

Geology Rev. Cannon, H. Survey Bull. Part I: Advances in geobotanical methods of prospecting, Canada Geol. Survey Econ. Geology Rept. Chaffee, M. Chikishev, A. New York: Consultants Bureau, p. Cole, M. Mining and Metallurgy Spec. Muell, as a nickel indicator and accumulator plant, Jour. Ecology 10, — Duvigneaud, P. Ernst, W. Arbeitsgemeinschaft 13, — Greig-Smith, P. London: Butterworths, p. Henwood, W. Howard-Williams, C. Ecology 58, — Comptes Rendus D, — Comptes Rendus , Karpinsky, A.

Sadovodstva, Nos. Mahalanobis, P. Malaisse, F. Gregoire, R. Morrison, and R. Reeves, , Aeolanthus biformifolius: A hyperaccumulator of copper from Zaire, Science , — Brooks, and R. Malyuga, D. Malashkina, and A.

Minguzzi, C. Vergnano, , The content of nickel in the ash of Alyssum bertolonii Desv. Toscana Sci. Atti Mem. Nesvetailova, N. Nicolls, O. Provan, M. Cole, and J.

Tooms, , Geobotany and geochemistry in mineral exploration in the Dugald River area, Cloncurry district, Australia, Australasian Inst. Mining and Metallurgy Trans. Nielsen, J. Brooks, C. Boswell, and N. Marshall, , Statistical evaluation of geobotanical and biogeochemical data by discriminant analysis, Jour. Palou, R.

Magny, and J. Carles, , Two plant indicators of zinc-lead deposits in the Pyrenees, Soc. Toulouse Bull. Persson, H. Hattori Bot. Brooks, , European species of Thlaspi L. Cruciferae as indicators of nickel and zine, Jour. Exploration 18, — Rune, O. Suecica 31, 1— Severne, B. Brooks, , A nickel-accumulating plant from Western Australia, Planta , 91— Shacklette, H. Shchapova, G.


Geobotanical prospecting



Definition of geobotanical prospecting




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