Irvingia wombolu Vermoesen. Bitter bush mango, dry season bush mango En. Dika, odika, manguier sauvage, chocolatier, ogbono Fr. Irvingia wombolu occurs in the forest zone from the Cassamance in Senegal east to southern Sudan and Uganda, and south to south-western DR Congo and northern Angola. The kernels from the fruit are an important ingredient in cooking and are preferred over those of other Irvingia spp. They are processed by grinding and crushing, and then used to thicken soups and stews.
|Published (Last):||15 February 2005|
|PDF File Size:||3.7 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||16.1 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
We'd like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest. Cultivation of priority plant species ensures their sustainable management. African bush mango trees Irvingia gabonensis and I. Experts disagree on the status of these very similar taxa, as taste remains the only character by which they can be distinguished in the field.
We combined occurrences and environment data in ecological niche models to assess suitable areas for the two species. Irvingia gabonensis presented a wider occurrence area due to cultivation across contrasting ecological areas. Irvingia wombolu does not appear to be cultivated and only occurred in southwestern Togo. These differences in range is likely determined by phenological limitations of I.
Highly suitable areas for I. These differences are significant, implying different ecological adaptation. However, anthropogenic influences, related to domestication history, are also important. Therefore, updated genetic investigations and field trials in contrasting ecological areas are required for understanding the origin of differences between these two forms.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Akusu OM, Kiin-Kabari DB Effect of storage period on selected functional, chemical stability and sensory properties of bush mango Irvingia gabonensis seed flour.
Afr J Food Sci Technol — Google Scholar. J Food Agr Environ — Asare R Cocoa agroforests in West Africa: a look at activities on preferred trees in the farming systems. Papers no. University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Adv J Food Sci Technol — Food Sci Nutr — J Forest Livelih — J Plant Sci — Ecography — Evol Biol — Environ Conserv — Curr Anthropol — In: Hanes JM ed Biophysical applications of satellite remote sensing.
J Arid Environ — Harris DJ A revision of the irvingiaceae in Africa. B J Bot Nat Belg — Hartemink AE Land use change in the tropics and its effect on soil fertility. The rainforest alliance, p West Africa. Genet Resour Crop Evol 64 6 — Int Forest Rev — Jose S Agroforestry for conserving and enhancing biodiversity. Agroforest Syst —8. Ecol Mod — Am J An Vet Sci 9 1 :6— Annu Rev Environ Resour — Leakey RRB Should we be growing more trees on farms to enhance the sustainability of agriculture and increase resilience to climate change?
Leakey RRB Living with the trees of life. Towards the transformation of tropical Agriculture. Int J Agr Sustain — Tree-to-tree variation in food-thickening properties and in fat and protein contents of dika nut. Food Chem — Biol Skrif — Econ Bot — Mol Ecol — Insights from tests with niche models.
Evolution — Am J Bot — Philos T Roy Soc — Plos Neglect Trop D 7:e Reg Basil — National Research Council Lost crops of Africa; development, security, and cooperation policy and global affairs II, vegetables. National Academies Press, Washington. Neumann RP, Hirsch E Commercialisation of non-timber forest products: review and analysis of research. Mediterr J Soc Sci — Pandit BH, Kumar C Factors influencing the integration of non-timber forest products into field crop cultivation: a case study from Eastern Nepal.
J Sustain Forest — Soil Biol Biochem — Peterson AT Mapping disease transmission risk: enriching models using biogeography and ecology. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. Ecol Model — Academic Press, Cambridge. Conserv Soc — Plos Neglect Trop D 8:e Agroforest Syst — Biodivers Conserv — Proceed Nat Acad Sci — ODI Forestry Brief Sheil D, Wunder S The value of tropical forest to local communities: complications, caveats, and cautions.
Conserv Ecol. Ticktin T The ecological implications of harvesting non-timber forest products. J Appl Ecol — Roy Swed Acad Sci — Trauernicht C, Ticktin T, Herrera GL Cultivation of non-timber forest products alters understory light availability in a humid tropical forest in Mexico. Biotropica — Biol Conserv — Indilinga — Genet Resour Crop Ev — Plant Ecol Evol — Trees — European conference of tropical ecology: tropical diversity, ecology and land use Goettingen, Germany, 23—26 Feb, Wiersum KF Forest gardens as an intermediate land-use system in the nature—culture continuum: characteristics and future potential.
J Evol Biol — Download references. We also thank Dr. Correspondence to Rodrigue Idohou. Reprints and Permissions. Estimation of cultivable areas for Irvingia gabonensis and I. Agroforest Syst 93, — Download citation. Received : 23 January
The PFAF Bookshop
We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Irvingia wombolu is a tropical tree growing up to 25 m tall with a buttressed trunk of about 50 cm in diameter. The crown is dense and round comprised of alternate, simple leaves. The flowers are yellow and form into groups in the leaf axils. The fruits are fleshy, green in color but turn yellow when ripe, and oval.
Irvingia gabonensis and I. Harvesting or collections in the forests are activities of women and children. They are also responsible for processing and substantial amount of marketing. Irvingia kernel is now major export produce to Europe and the USA.