This paper was originally presented at the annual meeting of the Social Science History Association, Chicago 18 November Its current form has been much improved by the very helpful suggestions by Claude Grasland, Editor of Cybergeo, and those of the anonymous referees. The faults that remain are of course my own responsibility. Extensively used today in studies of ethnic, class, gender, status, and many other kinds of relations, social distance is most often measured according to the Bogardus Social Distance Scale, or some modification of it.
|Published (Last):||12 July 2008|
|PDF File Size:||16.75 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||17.50 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
He taught philosophy at the Universities of Berlin — and Strassburg —18 , and his insightful essays on personal and social interaction inspired the development of qualitative analysis in sociology.
Simmel sought to isolate the general or recurring forms of social interaction from the more specific kinds of activity, such as political, economic, and aesthetic. He gave special attention to the problem of authority and obedience. In Philosophie des Geldes ; 6th ed.
In the last decade of his life, he devoted himself to metaphysics and aesthetics. Small — , one of the first important American sociologists. The Sociology of Georg Simmel trans. Wolff, comprises translations from Soziologie and other works. Georg Simmel. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. Britannica Quiz. Who is the author of The Two Gentlemen of Verona? Learn More in these related Britannica articles: modernization: Urbanism as a way of life.
It may encourage frivolous and fleeting cults and fashions. It can detach people from their traditional communal moorings, leaving…. Cooley and Robert E. Immediately after the war a new generation…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. More About. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.
A Mead Project source page
He taught philosophy at the Universities of Berlin — and Strassburg —18 , and his insightful essays on personal and social interaction inspired the development of qualitative analysis in sociology. Simmel sought to isolate the general or recurring forms of social interaction from the more specific kinds of activity, such as political, economic, and aesthetic. He gave special attention to the problem of authority and obedience. In Philosophie des Geldes ; 6th ed. In the last decade of his life, he devoted himself to metaphysics and aesthetics. Small — , one of the first important American sociologists.
Simmel was one of the first generation of German sociologists: his neo-Kantian approach laid the foundations for sociological antipositivism , asking what is society? For Simmel, culture referred to "the cultivation of individuals through the agency of external forms which have been objectified in the course of history. In this sense, Simmel was a forerunner to structuralist styles of reasoning in the social sciences. With his work on the metropolis , Simmel would also be a precursor of urban sociology , symbolic interactionism , and social network analysis. An acquaintance of Max Weber , Simmel wrote on the topic of personal character in a manner reminiscent of the sociological ' ideal type '.
The Philosophy of Money ; German : Philosophie des Geldes  is a book on economic sociology by German sociologist and social philosopher Georg Simmel. Simmel believed people created value by making objects, then separating themselves from those objects and then trying to overcome that distance. He found that objects that were too close were not considered valuable and objects that were too far away for people to obtain were also not considered valuable. What was also considered in determining value was the scarcity , time, sacrifice, and difficulties involved in getting objects. In the pre-modern era, beginning with bartering , different systems of exchange for goods and services allowed for the existence of incomparable systems of value land, food, honor, love, etc. With the advent of a universal currency as an intermediary, these systems became reconcilable, as everything tended to become expressible in a single quantifiable metric: its monetary cost.