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Citation: Robert D. Snow Framing processes and social movements: An overview and assessment. Robert Benford and David Snow were two of the four authors on the paper Frame alignment processes, micromobilization, and movement participation , the original paper in the sociological literature on framing processes in social movements. The two authors revisit the literature that their own work had spawned 14 years later in this literature review which, itself, has become an influential and highly cited work.
Collective action frames had become, in the period since their original article was published, a key theoretical means of understanding social movements alongside resource mobilization e. Frames build on Goffman's work on frames and, in the decade after they were offered, became something like a half or two thirds of the social movement literature. Collective action frames are essential a means that movement participants can build a shared understanding of a problem or an injustice and how movement creators can help coordinate understanding amongst a group of people both of an injustice that should be found and a means to address it.
The authors call these, "diagnostic", "prognostic" and "action" or "motivational" framing tasks. The basic idea is that social movement's major problem in attracting others is building frames that connect to and are likely to motivate people to join or continue to participate in a movement. The authors then turn to the literature on framing processes and dynamics to answer the questions about where frames come from and they spread or diffuse.
The authors note that participation is the key dependent variable used in the framing literature but that frames are likely to have different types of effects on social movements as well which are, as a result, understudied. Since it was published 10 years, the review has been cited more than 1, times in the sociological literature on social movements primarily. The framing literature remains somewhat controversial and, as the authors point out, frames are limited in a number of ways in their ability to describe or predict participation in movements.
That said, frames continue to be the dominant theory in the sociological literature on social movements and this review articles provides a frequent citation to that sub-literature or theory as a whole. Jump to: navigation , search. The authors argue that frames can vary in a series of key ways that include: Problem identification and the direction or locus of attribution Flexibility and rigidity, inclusivity or exclusivity of a frame Variation in interpretation scope and influence Resonance in that certain frames will "work" better or more effectively than others" The authors then turn to the literature on framing processes and dynamics to answer the questions about where frames come from and they spread or diffuse.
Theoretical and practical relevance: Since it was published 10 years, the review has been cited more than 1, times in the sociological literature on social movements primarily. Category : Summary. Namespaces Page Discussion. Views Read View form View source View history. New Recent Changes Featured Summaries. Help How to edit FAQ. This page was last modified on 21 June , at Content is available under Creative Commons Attribution 3.
Frame Alignment Processes, Micromobilization, and Movement Participation
Frame analysis also called framing analysis is a multi-disciplinary social science research method used to analyze how people understand situations and activities. Frame analysis looks at images, stereotypes metaphors, actors, messages, and more. It examines how important these factors are and how and why they are chosen. Framing theory and frame analysis is a broad theoretical approach that has been used in communication studies , news Johnson-Cartee, , politics, and social movements among other applications.
David A. Snow 36 Estimated H-index: Estimated H-index: 1. Estimated H-index: