Barbituriques Gar de nal, Alepsal , Isoniazi de Rimifon ,…. Owczarek et al. Drug-induced myopathies. An overview of the possible mechanisms.
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PubMed Central. Panic disorder PD is often correlated with high neuroticism and low extraversion. This study aims to ascertain whether PD patients differ from healthy controls in regard to personality traits and determine if these traits are correlated with comorbid disorders, anxiety, and depression symptoms. Personality traits of 69 PD patients and 42 controls were compared using the Maudsley Personality Inventory.
In PD patients , comorbidities, anxiety, and depression symptoms were also evaluated. PD patients showed higher neuroticism and lower extraversion compared with healthy controls. Patients without comorbidities presented similar results to controls, whereas those with comorbidities presented higher neuroticism and lower extraversion scores. PD per se may be unrelated to deviant personality traits , although comorbidities with major depressive disorder and agoraphobia are probably associated with high neuroticism and low extraversion.
These traits show a strong correlation with the accumulation and severity of these disorders. Impulsivity traits in patients with multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis MS is a demyelinating disease with a lifetime prevalence of 4. It is known that it can be related with neuropsychiatric disorders, increasing by a factor of three the prevalence of depression in MS patients compared to general population.
However, less attention has been given to the association between MS and impulsive behavior. This cross-sectional study compared the levels of impulsivity controlling for the presence of MS. Patients with MS showed higher levels of cognitive impulsivity than subjects without MS. Objective measures for impulsiveness further support this finding. Impulsiveness scales scores might be biased by depression, which should be considered when assessing impulsivity in MS.
All rights reserved. Breast reconstruction after mastectomy is a part of breast cancer treatment. There is a lack of data regarding the impact of reconstruction over psychological traits and quality of life. The aim of this study is to evaluate personality changes in patients who underwent reconstructive surgery. Thirty-seven women underwent breast reconstruction. These women took the Crown-Crisp Experiential Index before and after the different procedures.
The questionnaire analyzes: a the satisfaction level with personal relationships before and after surgery, and the level of satisfaction with surgical results and b personality index. Comparisons of preoperative and postoperative personality traits were made by using the Crown-Crisp test and analyzed by Chi-square test. Correlations between preoperative concerns and CCEI traits and correlations between physical aspects and Crown-Crisp, both preoperatively and postoperatively, were performed using the Spearman test.
This prospective study suggests that personality traits define perceptions of body image, which has an influence over quality of life and satisfaction with results. This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article.
For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www. Personality traits in patients with cluster headache: a comparison with migraine patients. Cluster headache CH has been associated with certain personality traits and lifestyle features, but there are few studies assessing personality profiles in CH.
We aimed to analyze personality traits in patients with CH, and to compare them with those found in migraine.
We included all consecutive patients with CH attending 5 outpatient offices between January and December Personality traits were evaluated using the Salamanca screening test, a validated inventory assessing 11 personality traits grouped in 3 clusters.
We analyzed the test results in this population, and compared them with those of a migraine population previously assessed with the same test. Eighty patients with CH 75 men, 5 women; mean age, The reference population consisted of migraine patients 30 men, women; mean age In CH patients , the most frequent personality traits were anancastic According to the Salamanca screening test, personality traits included in cluster A odd or eccentric disorders are more prevalent in CH patients than in a population of migraineurs.
Larger studies are needed to determine whether certain personality traits are related to CH. Anxious, introverted personality traits in patients with chronic subjective dizziness. Chronic subjective dizziness CSD is a neurotologic disorder of persistent non-vertiginous dizziness, unsteadiness, and hypersensitivity to one's own motion or exposure to complex visual stimuli.
CSD usually follows acute attacks of vertigo or dizziness and is thought to arise from patients ' failure to re-establish normal locomotor control strategies after resolution of acute vestibular symptoms. Pre-existing anxiety or anxiety diathesis may be risk factors for CSD. This study tested the hypothesis that patients with CSD are more likely than individuals with other chronic neurotologic illnesses to possess anxious, introverted personality traits.
Data were abstracted retrospectively from medical records of 40 patients who underwent multidisciplinary neurotology evaluations for chronic dizziness. Twenty-four subjects had CSD. Sixteen had chronic medical conditions other than CSD plus co-existing anxiety disorders. An anxious, introverted temperament is strongly associated with CSD and may be a risk factor for developing this syndrome. Parmi les 10 patients Les complications survenant dans les 30 jours comprenaient une infection urinaire chez 5 patients Aucune incontinence.
Lacson, Eduardo K. African Americans require higher doses of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents ESAs during dialysis to manage anemia, but the influence of sickle cell trait and other hemoglobinopathy traits on anemia in dialysis patients has not been adequately evaluated.
We performed a cross-sectional study of a large cohort of adult African-American hemodialysis patients in the United States to determine the prevalence of hemoglobinopathy traits and quantify their influence on ESA dosing. Laboratory and clinical data were obtained over 6 months in Among African-American patients , Sickle cell trait was more common in this cohort than the general African-American population Patients with hemoglobinopathy traits received higher median doses of ESA than patients with normal hemoglobin In multivariable analyses, hemoglobinopathy traits associated with Within subgroups, sickle cell trait patients received Sensitivity analyses using weight-based dosing definitions and separate logistic regression models showed comparable associations.
Our findings suggest that the presence of sickle cell trait and hemoglobin C trait may explain, at least in part, prior observations of greater ESA doses administered to African-American dialysis patients relative to Caucasian patients. Personality traits and psychotic symptoms in recent onset of psychosis patients. Personality in patients with psychosis, and particularly its relation to psychotic symptoms in recent onset of psychosis ROP patients , is understudied.
The aims of this research were to study the relation between dimensional and categorical clinical personality traits and symptoms, as well as the effects that symptoms, sex and age have on clinically significant personality traits.
Data for these analyses were obtained from 94 ROP patients. Correlational Analysis, Mann-Whitney test, and, finally, logistic regression were carried out. The negative dimension was higher in patients with schizoid traits. The excited dimension was lower for those with avoidant and depressive traits. The anxiety and depression dimension was higher for patients with dependent traits.
The positive dimension was lower for patients with histrionic and higher for patients with compulsive traits. Logistic regression demonstrated that gender and the positive and negative dimensions explained The excited dimension explained 9.
The anxiety and depression dimension and age explained Gender explained Finally gender and positive dimension explained The study highlights the importance of studying personality in patients with psychosis as it broadens understating of the patients themselves and the symptoms suffered. Alexithymia and personality traits of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. La Barbera, D. Psychological factors, specific lifestyles and environmental stressors may influence etiopathogenesis and evolution of chronic diseases.
We investigate the association between Chronic Inflammatory Bowel Diseases IBD and psychological dimensions such as personality traits , defence mechanisms, and Alexithymia, i. We analyzed a survey of patients with IBD and a control group of 66 healthy individuals. The survey involved filling out clinical and anamnestic forms and administering five psychological tests. These were then analyzed by using a network representation of the system by considering it as a bipartite network in which elements of one set are the individuals, while the elements of the other set are the outcome of the survey.
We then run an unsupervised community detection algorithm providing a partition of the participants into clusters. That allowed us to determine a statistically significant association between psychological factors and IBD. We find clusters of patients characterized by high neuroticism, alexithymia, impulsivity and severe physical conditions and being of female gender.
We therefore hypothesize that in a population of alexithymic patients , females are inclined to develop psychosomatic diseases like IBD while males might eventually develop behavioral disorders.
Toutefois, les commentaires. Relationship between personality traits and perceived internalized stigma in bipolar patients and their treatment partners. Internalized stigma of mental disorders has significant negative outcomes for patients with bipolar disorder and their families. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between personality traits and internalized stigma of mental disorders in bipolar patients and their treatment partners.
The scores of personality traits were combined to create externalizing and internalizing personality trait scores. Results showed that patients with bipolar disorder and their treatment partners both experienced internalized stigma of mental health disorders. There was a significant positive correlation between internalized stigma and internalizing personality traits , but not externalizing traits. In a multi-variate regression analysis, internalizing personality trait score was found to be a significant predictor of internalized stigma.
In conclusion, patients with bipolar disorder and their treatment partners perceive higher level of internalized stigma of mental disorders if they have internalizing personality traits. Psychiatric comorbidity is frequent in cases of migraine and research has focused more on that related to affective disorders and anxiety than to personality traits.
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