It may be due to the fact that Sri Ramanuja came about three centuries after Sri Sankara. To have a comparatively full knowledge of Vedanta, a study of Sri Ramanuja's commentary on the Bhagavad Gita also is essential. In Ramanuja's interpretation of Vedanta, devotion to presonal God and His grace are stressed as the exclusive means for release from Samsara or the Cycle of births and deaths. It is for the benefit of such devotees that we have been induced to bring out this publication. This has brought him recognition as one of the greatest exponents of Vedanta from the Vaisnava point of view. He has not, however, written any commentary on the Upanisads unlike Sri Sankara and unlike several other exponents of Vaisnavism.
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Labels: Sri Vaishnavism. Sujata at AM. Post a Comment. Subscribe to Post Comments [ Atom ]. Vidat a software engineer ,who wanted me to blog. He created this blog in April Within three months of creating this blog for me , he passed away at 24 years of age.. View my complete profile. Subscribe to Posts [ Atom ]. Saturday, September 1, Ramanuja's Gita Bhashya.
Chapter 9. Sovereign secret. In this chapter the nature of Upasana that takes form of Bhakthi is explained after investigating the eminence of Supreme Person, who is object of adoration.
In sloka 5 to 7 it is stated that it is His will that projects , sustains and controls all beings. He declares that it is He who dissolves all entities at end of Brahma's life and again sends them forth at the beginning of next cycle. The question then arises is this --If Bhagwan is the creator of all isn't He affected by inequalities in Creation? Doesn't it make Him appear cruel and partial? In Sloka 9 the Lord answers. I am untouched by the inequality.
Sloka 10 --My Prakriti looked by Me , through My Will and under My supervision creates the world with its mobile and immobile beings in accordance with the karmas of individual selves. In sloka s In slokas Sri Krishna declares I having the universe for My body , alone abide. Develop the attitude that you are My servant ,under My control and do every act as a worship of Me , then you will become free of karmas. I neither hate nor love them. But if I am worshipped with devotion I abide in them.
When one takes refuge in Me , none is hateful because of inferiority in status by birth, form , nature , knowledge etc. Like wise a person resorting to Me does not become dear to Me because of his birth, status etc. That a person has taken refuge in Me is the only consideration. His gunas will be eradicated soon and he will be freed from samsara. Bow down to Me.
On Me the Ruler of rulers,antagonistic to all that is evil , the sole abode of auspiciousness, omniscient, whose resolve is always true, the sole cause of the entire universe , the Supreme Brahman, The Supreme Person. Be My worshipper. Worship means-- The conduct of one who realises that he is absolutely a subsidiary [sesha] of God. It also consists of offering all things of enjoyment such as waving of lights, fans etc and all those things that come with bodily contact like offering garlands, sandal paste and food preparations and edibles.
Bow down to Me in total humility regarding Me as Supreme goal Having disciplined the mind in this above mentioned way , one will be filled with love which is unsurpassable and obtain a mind which is fit for experiencing the SupremeBrahman. Chapter 10 --Attributes of divine glories. In previous chapter Bhakthi yoga with its preparatory disciplines has been taught. In this chapter , in order to induce and nourish Bhakthi ,it is taught that He has multitude of attributes which are infinite, that His sovereignty over entire universe is unrivalled and that universe is governed by His will ,since the universe constitutes his body , with Him for its Self.
Sloka 1 --Arjuna listen to My greatness. A liberated soul is birth less so some what similar to Supreme Brahman. But the difference is that liberated atmas have a beginning viz in the state of their embodiment in bodies in conjunction with matter , which existed before liberation whilst Bhagwan at no time has any such conjunction with matter and karma hence He is termed as Annadhi or beginning less.
Undeluded are those who have no delusions Delusion means wrong knowledge of taking Me as one among other entities of same kind.. The Lord of Gods is totally in a different plane. He is above all There is none equal to Him nor is there anyone above Him. Karma bhavana --The fitness to practise work alone 2.
Brahma bhavana -Fitness to practise meditation alone 3. Ubhaya bhavana --Fitness to practise both together. Brahma comes under third group. But I am above all these and he who knows this and also knows of My inherent nature is to control everything and that IAm full of auspicious qualities, has no delusions [does not equate super human powers with Brahman] is freed from sin.
Non delusion Freedom from delusion of perceiving as silver the mother of pearl,[ie lesser deities] ForbearanceNon disturbed state of mind even when there is cause for disturbance.
Self control Is restraint of mind in similar manner. Pleasure --Is experience of what is agreeable to one Pain is experience of that which is adverse to one. Exultation Elation of mind owing to agreeable experiences , Depression The state of mind caused by disagreeable experiences , Fear --Is the misery which springs from the preception of the of the cause of future sufferings.
Cheerfulness -is the natural disposition to feel pleased with every thing, Austerity --Is chastising body and denying oneself pleasure , as per shastras. Beneficence --Is giving another what contributes to one's own enjoyment. Sri Krishna declares ,those agents who direct the creation , sustenation etc,of all beings have their activity dependant on My Will.
All the creatures of the world are their progeny. Hence they--seven rishis-- are all the generators of this progeny [primogenitors of human race] as also their sustainers[four Manus] till the time of pralaya. These rishis and the Manus derive their mental conditions from Me and follow My will. Sloka " of those who bear weapons I am Rama". Chapter 11 -- The vision of Cosmic form. Your lips are wet with blood. Your fiery rays scorch the universe. Sloka 47 Bhagwan says that no one before Arjuna has seen this cosmic form of His.
Arjuna is the first devotee to see this cosmic form. It is also not possible to know Me truly through meditation, sacrifices ,gifts and austerities by those who are destitute of devotion towards Me. It is only by single minded devotion characterized by extreme ardour and intensity it is possible to Know Me.
A passage in Katha Upanishads and Mundaka Upanishads respectively says This Self cannot be obtained by instruction , nor by intellect nor by much hearing. Whom so over He chooses by him alone He is obtained. Sloka 55 --Who ever works for Me ,looks upon Me as the highest and is devoted to Me , free from attachment and without any enmity towards any creature , he comes to Me.
His nature is to feel pleasure and pain solely on account of union or separation from Bhagwan 2. He considers his own sins as cause of his sufferings[ and not that his suffering is due work of others] 3.
He is confirmed in his faith that all beings are dependant on the Prama Purusha For these reasons he has no enimity towards any one. Chapter 12 -Loving devotion. In this chapter the following points will be explained - 1.
Meditation on Lord in the form of devotion 2. The superiority of such meditation over the meditation over atma ,because of speedy fulfillment of its ends 3. The felicity of its performance 4. The means for meditating on Bhagwan. The superiority of meditation on the Lord is the result of the superiority of the object of meditation. Sloka Bhagwan says those who meditate on me are superior to those meditating on the self. The former attain me soon and easily.
But it is a path difficult to pursue. The individual atma meditated upon by those who follow path of Akshara [imperishable] is thus described. It is indefinable --It cannot be expressed in terms like gods , men etc for it is different from the body. It is imperceptible --It cannot be perceived through senses. It is omnipresent It exists everywhere in bodies of gods and others It is unthinkable e--Though it exists every where in all bodies it cannot be conceived in terms of bodies as it is an entity of totally of a different kind.
It is common to all being s--It is alike in all beings. It is immovable and constant-- It does not move out of its unique nature , being unmodifiable , hence eternal. They subdue their senses --subduing their senses like eyes from their natural operation They look upon all beings of different forms as equal by virtue of their knowledge of the sameness of the selves--atmas as knowers of all.
Those who meditate on Imperishable self [individual atma]in this way even they come to Me. The superiority of those who adore Supreme Being is now being stated clearly.
Let your budhi[ -intellect] be convinced that I am the sole object to be achieved. That is repeated practise of remembrance of the manifold attributes innate to the Supreme person. Even working for My sake you will attain perfection. Do the above with great affection. This consists of contemplation on nature of individual atma. As means of practise of this yoga renounce the fruits of every action. If the jiva gets immersed in its own bliss it will attain Kaivalya.
Bhagavad Gita with Commentaries of Ramanuja
Other Religions. Royal Wisdom and Secret Divine Manifestations. The Universal Form.
Sri Bhagavad Gita With Sri Bhagavad Ramanuja’s Bhashya And Srimad Vedanta Desika’s Commentary
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Ramanuja Gita Bhasya