Protects against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis whooping cough , polio, hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenzae type b Hib. This vaccine requires three doses, at 6 weeks, 3 months and 5 months of age, to be fully effective and to induce long-lived immunity. Infanrix-hexa should not be given to any child who has experienced neurologocal problems, occurring within 7 days following previous vaccination with pertussis-containing vaccine. As with any medicine, very rarely a severe allergic reaction anaphylaxis can occur following immunisation. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
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A vaccination schedule is a series of vaccinations , including the timing of all doses, which may be either recommended or compulsory, depending on the country of residence.
A vaccine is an antigenic preparation used to produce active immunity to a disease , in order to prevent or reduce the effects of infection by any natural or "wild" pathogen. Many vaccines require multiple doses for maximum effectiveness, either to produce sufficient initial immune response or to boost response that fades over time. For example, tetanus vaccine boosters are often recommended every 10 years. Over the past two decades, the recommended vaccination schedule has grown rapidly and become more complicated as many new vaccines have been developed.
Some vaccines are recommended only in certain areas countries, sub national areas, or at-risk populations where a disease is common. For instance, yellow fever vaccination is on the routine vaccine schedule of French Guiana, is recommended in certain regions of Brazil but in the United States is only given to travelers heading to countries with a history of the disease.
The World Health Organization monitors vaccination schedules across the world, noting what vaccines are included in each country's program, the coverage rates achieved and various auditing measures. Examples include rabies , anthrax , cholera and smallpox. All vaccines available under the Australian immunization schedule are free of charge under the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme.
The recommendations are generally adopted by the Federal Joint Committee. In Hong Kong, Department of Health is responsible for providing free vaccinations from newborns up to primary school students. Only in the legal term in Japan, citizens get old one day before their birthdays. If a person was born on January 1, and Immunization Act specifies vaccine against measles could be received from age 12 months to 24 months, vaccination shall be practiced between December 31, and December 31, not between January and January Thus, these two people are in different school years and thereby they may take vaccines in different calendar years.
Major additions, replacements and removals from the New Zealand Immunization Schedule include: . The United Kingdom childhood vaccination schedule is recommended by the Department of Health and National Health Service , and uses combination immunisations where available.
The five scheduled childhood tetanus vaccinations are thought to generally confer lifelong immunity; thus, no routine booster doses are given in adulthood. Those adults at risk of contaminated cuts e. In the US, the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act requires all health-care providers to provide parents or patients with copies of Vaccine Information Statements before administering vaccines.
The CDC recommends pregnant women receive some vaccines, such as the measles, mumps, rubella MMR vaccine a month or more before pregnancy.
The Tdap vaccine to help protect against whooping cough is recommended during pregnancy. Other vaccines, like the flu shot, can be given before or during pregnancy, depending on whether or not it is flu season.
Vaccination is safe right after giving birth, even while breastfeeding. In , the smallpox vaccine was the only one administered to children. By the early s, children routinely received three vaccines, for protection against diphtheria , pertussis , tetanus and smallpox , and as many as five shots by two years of age.
By two years of age, U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Hepatitis A. Hepatitis B. Haemophilus influenzae. Human Papilloma Virus. Japanese Encephalitis. Typhoid Fever. Yellow fever. Mandatory to all. Mandatory to specific people. Recommended to all. Recommended to specific people. Neither mandatory nor recommended to anyone.
The public insurance partially covers the vaccination cost. Recommended ages for everyone. Recommended ages for certain other high-risk groups. Recommended ages for catch-up immunization. Recommended range of additional vaccinations for Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders. If vaccination starts before 12 months of age, 2 doses are recommended 14—18 months and 6 years The temporary recommendation of giving measles at 12 months of age was made a permanent recommendation; ie.
In case MMR is given at 6—11 months, the child needs a second and third dose to complete the series. Catch-up to all those born on 1 January or after and with no history of varicella. Annual vaccination. IIV4 with nonpreferential alternative to all those 24—35 months.
IIV3 also recommended to medical risk group children from 36 months up. Main article: Immunisation Programme in Hong Kong.
Person B socially turns 2 months old on March 1, In the legal term, however, Person B's 2-month birthday is the day before March 1, Thus, It shall be February 29, There are no February 30 or 31 in As a result Person A and Person B have the same 2-month birthday.
Range of recommended ages for everyone. See references for more details. Range of recommended ages for certain high-risk groups. Range of recommended ages for catch-up immunization or for people who lack evidence of immunity e. Our World in Data. Retrieved 5 March Retrieved Mayo Clinic. World Health Organization. Retrieved 4 December Ministry of Justice Japan. Archived from the original on Retrieved 29 May Public Health Agency of Canada. Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin laitos in Finnish. Indian Pediatrics.
Ministry of Health New Zealand. Retrieved 27 May Ministry of Health. Retrieved 3 November Archived from the original on January 14, Center for Disease Control. Retrieved 4 November Archived from the original on February 18, Retrieved 28 May This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. May Adjuvants List of vaccine ingredients Mathematical modelling Timeline Trials. Secretary of Health and Human Services Alternative vaccination schedule.
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Cape Verde. In New Brunswick and Ontario. Central African Republic. Cook Islands.
Supplemental Table. The incidence of hepatitis B virus HBV infection has been declining thanks to the universal hepatitis B infant immunization program. Nevertheless, young adults born before the program implementation might have acquired HBV in early childhood or remain susceptible to infection. This study aimed to evaluate hepatitis B epidemiology in asymptomatic young adult population in Ternate, eastern Indonesia. Serum samples of subjects aged 17—25, mean
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Immunisation for children who have delayed first visit to the clinic not given immunisation. Immunisation should be started on the first visit for children who have delayed visit to the clinic for immunisation. Below is the suggested schedule according to age for these children:. For the subsequent dose please refer table 1 Immunisation Schedule Suggested immunisation schedule for vaccines not listed in National Immunisation Program. Immunisation Schedule.