Book Report Submitted by. Vivek Sharma ; Gr 1. Vande Matram , the mantra, that was destined to inspire millions during India 's struggle for freedom was born in Anand Math. Bankim Chandra Chatterji , through this revolutionary masterpiece, created the fuel and fire for Indian National Movement. Anand Math, an extraordinary political fiction, is a transcript of Bankim's genius.
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It is inspired by and set in the background of the Sannyasi Rebellion in the late 18th century, it is considered one of the most important novels in the history of Bengali and Indian literature. Vande Mataram , "Hail to the Mother", first song to represent Bengal - or India, which is almost synonymous at that time as far as nationalism is concerned - as the Motherland was published in this novel. The book is set in the years during the famine in Bengal in CE.
They decide to leave their village and move to the next closest city where there is a better chance of survival. During the course of events, the couple gets separated and Kalyani has to run through the forest with her infant to avoid getting caught by robbers.
After a long chase, she loses consciousness at the bank of a river. A Hindu monk, Satyananda, takes her to his ashram and he and other monks take care of her and her baby until she reunites with her husband. The husband, Mahendra, at this point is more inclined towards joining the brotherhood of the monks and serving the Mother Nation.
Kalyani wants to help him in attaining his dreams by trying to kill herself, thereby relieving him of worldly duties. At this point, Satyananda joins her but before he can help her, he is arrested by the British soldiers, because other monks were fuelling revolt against the British rule. While being dragged away he spots another monk who is not wearing his distinctive robes and sings,. The other monk deciphers the song, rescues Kalyani and the baby, taking them to a rebel monk hideout.
Concurrently, Kalyani's husband, Mahendra, is also given shelter by the monks, and they are reunited. The leader of the rebels shows Mahendra the three faces of Bharat-Mata Mother India as three goddess idols being worshipped in three consecutive rooms:. Gradually, the rebel influence grows and their ranks swell. Emboldened, they shift their headquarters to a small brick fort.
The British attack the fort with a large force. The rebels blockade the bridge over the nearby river, but they lack any artillery or military training.
In the fighting, the British make a tactical retreat over the bridge. The Sannyasis' undisciplined army, lacking military experience, chases the British into the trap.
Once the bridge is full of rebels, British artillery opens fire, inflicting severe casualties. However, some rebels manage to capture some of the cannons, and turn the fire back on to the British lines. The British are forced to fall back, the rebels winning their first battle. The story ends with Mahendra and Kalyani building a home again, with Mahendra continuing to support the rebels. The song Vande Mataram is sung in this novel. Vande Mataram means "I bow to thee, Mother".
It inspired freedom fighters in the 20th century and its first two stanzas became the national song of India after independence. The novel "Anandamath" was banned by the British. It was unbanned by the Government of India only after independence. The plot background was based on the devastating Bengal famine of under the British Raj and unsuccessful Sannyasi rebellion.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee imagined untrained but disciplined Sannyasi soldiers fighting and beating the experienced English forces. The music was composed by Hemant Kumar , who gave a version of the Vande Mataram sung by Lata Mangeshkar , which became a cult success.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the novel. For the film based on it, see Anand Math. This article may be confusing or unclear to readers.
In particular, the commentary section is incoherent. Please help us clarify the article. There might be a discussion about this on the talk page. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Vande Mataram. New Delhi: Penguin. Retrieved 16 January Works of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. Wikiquote Wikisource texts.
Categories : novels Novels by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay Literature of Indian independence movement Novels set in India Bengali-language novels Fiction set in Indian historical novels Indian historical novels in Bengali Indian Bengali language novels Indian novels adapted into films 19th-century Indian novels.
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Anand Math is a Indian bollywood historical patriotic film directed by Hemen Gupta, based on the famous Bengali novel Anandamath , written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in The novel and film are set in the events of the Sannyasi Rebellion , which took place in the late 18th century in Bengal. Pradeep Kumar made his debut in Hindi cinema , as did the film's music director Hemant Kumar. With this film, Hemant Kumar took a staff position as a composer with S. Mukherjee's Filmistan Studios.